Exhibition texts by Natasha Norman
3SAI: A Rite of Passage
2008, Single channel, HD video, stereo soundtrack, 14 minutes. Courtesy Format Digital Production and Art Source South Africa © Paul Emmanuel
2012, Mirage F1 CZ, courtesy Chris Teale of the SAAF Museum at Ysterplaat, Dimentions variable.
Conscripts ‘make their weapons safe’ before entering their base
Ruacana, 1988, 1988, Archival print, 42 x 59,4cm.
“They can’t do this.”
It was almost a whisper. He may even have sworn under his breath and I realised that the stillness was fear. It was the fear that shocked me. This great, invincible, bearded, gentle giant: was afraid.
The year was 1988 and it was a letter from the military. My father had been recalled to do a civilian camp despite having served an extra year of conscription at the time to avoid being called up for camps. I was suddenly aware of a bigger world opening up around me.
The Michaelis Galleries and the Gordon Institute for Creative and Performing Arts (GIPCA) present NOT MY WAR, an exhibition of works by significant South African artists reflecting on the country’s involvement in border wars in Northern Namibia and Southern Angola during the 1960’s to 1980’s. The exhibition opening is at 18:00 on 29 June, and it will run until 25 July.
Shortly after they finished high school our fathers were conscripted into the South African Defence Force (SADF). Most were put through rigorous physical and skills training and many sent to fight in South Africa’s so-called Border War in Northern South West Africa and Southern Angola in what has been popularly mythologised as a ‘coming of age’ initiation for the white South African male.
Up until 1994, almost all able-bodied white male South Africans were called up for National Service around the year they turned 18. As far as most of these young men were concerned there was little option but to perform this duty. One’s call-up could be deferred for a few years if one studied, but to avoid it meant facing harsh consequences. The options were to object on conscientious or religious grounds and face a six-year jail term, or flee the country.
Since the radical shift in political power in 1994, the Border War and those who fought it have been cast in an insidious light. From an institutional point of view the conflict is now widely regarded as one that upheld the racist interests of Apartheid. The Border War, it would seem, has become easier to officially forget in post-Apartheid South Africa then to struggle to reconcile the propaganda, trauma, heroism and racism implicit in a discussion of its nature.
In recent years a large amount material concerning South Africa’s Border War in Namibia/Angola has exploded onto the cultural landscape. Where a decade ago such material was scarce, in the last five years there has been a considerable surge of novels, biographies, documentaries, films, theatre, photography and visual art all dealing with this subject. It would seem that the muzzle on South Africa’s ‘silent war’ – in the cultural sphere at least – has begun to lift.
Marking the 25th anniversary of the war’s bloodiest and most decisive battles, most notably at Cuito Cuanavale, NOT MY WAR looks at how a number of significant South African artists have been impacted by and responded to the Border War. Furthering the resurgence of dialogue around this ‘silent war’, NOT MY WAR will echo the multiple viewpoints on this complex conflict, as well as highlight its continuing relevance and effect on South African society.
Particpating artists are Wayne Barker, Christo Doherty, Paul Emmanuel, John Liebenberg, Jo Ractliffe, Colin Richards, Chad Rossouw, Penny Siopis, Christopher Swift & Daniella Mooney and Gavin Young. Exhibition texts by Natasha Norman.